Corbett National Park has a very interesting history as it is the oldest natural reservation in India. It was established in 1936, as the Hailey National Park named after Sir Malcolm Hailey the Governor of the United Provinces. After India became independent in 1947 the park was renamed as the Ramganga National Park in 1952. But that name too didn't stick for long and the park was renamed once more in 1957, as the Corbett National Park after the famed Jim Corbett. The initiative "Project Tiger" to preserve the Indian tigers was first launched at the Corbett National Park in 1973.
The Ramganga river flows through the park and evidence of early civillizations along its banks has been discovered by archaeologists. The park sits at an elevation of 1210 m from the sea level at its top most point and is spread in an area of 1,288 sq km. A host of wild animals and birds inhabit the reservation including The Royal Bengal Tigers , The Great Indian Elephant and Leopard.
1820: The British take over the park area from local rulers of Kumaon region.
1850: Till 1850, heavy deforestation by the British for timber.
1858: First plans for preservation of forest areas surfaces.
1879: The land is marked as a reservation.
1884: Aged 8, Jim Corbett shoots his first leopard.
1910: Jim Corbett heads shikar parties to track and kill two man-eaters.
1910: Corbett gives up hunting as a sport, decides to shoot only to protect the natives from man-eaters.
1934: The reservation is declared as a National Park. Corbett helps with its cartography.
1936: Registered under the United Provinces National Parks Act and named the Hailey National Park.
1947: India becomes independent.
1952: The park is renamed as Ramganga National Park.
1955: Jim Corbett passes away at Nyeri.
1957: The park is renamed once again in the honor of Jim Corbett.
1973: Chosen as the first tiger reserve in the country and "Project Tiger" is launched the following year.
2000: The park becomes a part of the newly delineated state of Uttarakhand.